Nota sobre el concepto de Bienestar o Felicidad y los Sucesos de vida: una aproximación a partir de hallazgos teóricos y empíricos

Eduardo Escalante Gómez

Resumen


En este trabajo se abordan los conceptos de bienestar subjetivo (BS), bienestar psicosocial (BPS), y su relación con el concepto de sucesos de vida (SV), a partir de una revisión de diferentes evidencias empíricas disponibles en la literatura científica. El bienestar se entiende como equivalente al concepto de la felicidad. Esta revisión explora las principales perspectivas teóricas, indicando que muchos intentos focalizan sus dimensiones en lugar de la necesaria definición.


Las teorías del bienestar referidas a lo subjetivo y lo psicológico, estudian procesos psicológicos similares, pero proceden a medir distintos factores. El bienestar subjetivo se lo h investigado más como una cuestión emocional para en seguida relacionarla con la felicidad o la satisfacción vital. Por lo que se detecta, que en general los investigadores tratan como sinónimos el bienestar subjetivo o grado de felicidad.

Se hace referencia a que el bienestar podría alcanzarse, a través de procesos tan internos o dependientes de la persona como pueden ser: el cambio de sus aspiraciones, la percepción que tiene de sí misma y de su entorno, la acción sobre ella misma o la modificación de lo que se está experimentando en el día a día. Es decir, las preocupaciones investigativas focalizan el bienestar psicológico y el bienestar social. El enfoque estudia el desarrollo del individuo, las formas que usan para enfrentar los sucesos de vida y la manera como se valoran las circunstancias. Es a partir, de la integración de ambos conceptos, bienestar subjetivo y bienestar psicosocial que estimamos que se puede trabajar el constructo “felicidad (bienestar) organizacional. En la actualidad, son diversos los organismos que postulan que el bienestar, subjetivo y psicosocial, constituyen una meta organizacional deseable.


Palabras clave


bienestar subjetivo, bienestar psicológico, bienestar psicosocial, sucesos de vida.

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Referencias


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15765/pnrm.v10i19.847

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